Bird Families

Large-leaved legcarp (Podocarpus macrophyllus)

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Description: The plant is dioecious. In nature, it occasionally grows up to ↑ 21 × 3.5 m. This is a tree with a spreading pyramidal crown and almost vertical dense whorled branches.

The trunk is straight, up to 1 m in diameter, brownish-gray, smooth bark. Shoots are green. The needles are spirally located on the shoots and at the ends forms a kind of bundle, pointed or dull, bluish-green from above to light green below, lanceolate. Leaves are thick, dark green linear-oblong, with a blunt apex, 8-15 cm long, up to 1 cm wide.

Dusting takes place in May-June. Megastrobila solitary, in leaf axils, on thin ribbed legs, 15-18 mm long. Immature seeds are glaucous-green, spherical, 10-12 mm long, rounded-oval, sitting on a reddish-purple fleshy leg, which is edible. Ripe fruits are dark purple, with a waxy bloom, in appearance they resemble the fruit of a cherry - a drupe. The recipe is fleshy, red, with two small subulate leaves at the base. Seeds ripen in October.

Environmental properties: A native of the mountainous regions of Japan and China.On the island of Taiwan in mountainous evergreen forests, rising to an altitude of 2500 m above sea level. In the CIS in culture on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and in Azerbaijan One of the most frost-resistant species, tolerates light frosts (7-10 zones) up to -17 C.

It is not very demanding for soils, but it achieves a powerful development on rich, moderately moist, well-drained slightly acidic fertile soils. Waterlogging can cause root rot. On the roots of the plant there are nodules with nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the form of small swells, reminiscent of semolina. It grows successfully and gives seeds in the botanical gardens of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, gives abundant self-seeding. On the coast, this species has been cultivated in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden since 1851, at the age of 60 it reaches a height of 18 m with a trunk diameter of 30 cm.

Reproduction and cultivation: As a rule, propagates by seeds and cuttings.

Landscape construction: It is widely used in landscaping in a number of southern countries. It tolerates strong pruning and can serve as a beautiful and durable hedge. In Japan, it is often grown in temple gardens and also as container bonsai. It is possible to grow in warm-temperate climates in dense evergreen communities, or in winter gardens, as a tub culture.

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