Bird Families

Cichlazoma black-striped

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An ancient fish, the same age as dinosaurs, whose path on our planet began about 250 million years ago. Its skeletons are found in many paleontological samples in the form of fossils. And yet, she now lives in rivers and lakes, having hardly changed during this time - she is a "living fossil"!

A lone predator!

This is a wonderful predator, leading a solitary lifestyle and loving ambushes. Our heroes usually live in lowlands and are common in backwaters, lakes and clear streams, the habitat must necessarily be densely overgrown with aquatic vegetation. They prefer clean water with abundant vegetation, but are tolerant of silt, mud and high temperatures (withstand low oxygen levels and water temperatures up to 35 degrees Celsius). Adult fish usually live in deep water, moving in shallow water at night, and during the breeding season they use shallow water to build nests.

They have an elongated body with a dorsal fin running along its entire length. The tail has a heterocercal (ancient) shape (as in sturgeon and carapace fish), and the body is enclosed in cycloidal scales. Its head is protected by a double skull, a large mouth and highly developed teeth, a bony plate and tubular nostrils.

Breathes air!

While many fish use their air bubbles to change their buoyancy, our today's hero can also use it to inhale air from the surface. At temperatures from 4 to 10 degrees Celsius, breathing air is impossible, however, at temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius, the rate of breathing air constantly increases with increasing water temperature.

In its diet, this fish is not picky, eating almost all suitable sized fish and even crayfish in its water area, is a big enough problem for ordinary predators - catfish, perches and others.

In the photo there are juveniles - fry of black-striped cichlazoma

There are also other ways of breeding black-striped cichlases. For example, here is a method for those who do not want to fool around with a spawning aquarium, but are afraid of aggressive behavior of fish or want to get more offspring than in the general aquarium. For this, a partition is made along the width of the aquarium, for example, made of plexiglass, which is installed in the general aquarium, separating the producers from other fish. In this case, the spawning area should be 1/4 - 1/3 of the aquarium, depending on the size of the reservoir. Other materials at hand can also serve as a partition, including a frame with a mosquito net, which excludes the installation of two aeration systems in different compartments (zones) of the aquarium.

Black-striped cichlazoma photo

Some aquarists, for best results, immediately after spawning transfer the eggs with the substrate to a jig with a small water level of 8-16 cm. Water is taken from the spawning aquarium. In this case, the so-called aeration point is set in the jig, and a weak dose of methylene blue is introduced into the water. In this case, all care for the offspring falls on the shoulders of the aquarist.

Black-striped cichlazoma photo

Interesting: There is an albino form of black-striped cichlazoma! It is not a separate species, but is the result of a rare gene abnormality. Albinism manifests itself in the offspring of any kind of living creatures. "Black-striped albino" lives both in the natural range of fish and in aquariums. The conditions for keeping and breeding this form are similar to those described above. However, the albino form has weaker immunity and is more susceptible to disease.

And, there is also Amatitlania (Cichlasoma) nigrofasciatum var. Flamingo is a selective form of black-striped cichlazoma - "Flamingo".

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