Bird Families

African Clawed Cuckoo / Centropus superciliosus

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Long and straight thumb claw C sinensis - characteristic of the genus

Many clawed cuckoos have a long claw on the thumbs of their hind limbs.The name of the genus comes from the Greek word kentron, thorn and spur The length of the claw can reach about 68-76% of the length of the tarsus of African black clawed cuckoos C grillii and lesser clawed cuckoo C bengalensis Only short-toed clawed cuckoo C rectunguis is an exception, it has a thumbnail of only 23% of the length of the tarsus. fires, during which they feed on insects and small mammals fleeing the fire4

Spur cuckoos usually nest in dense vegetation, and their nests usually have a roof, but some species build nests open on top Phasania clawed cuckoo Centropus phasianinus, common clawed cuckoo C sinensis and Madagascar clawed cuckoo C toulou can occasionally build nests that are open on top , and some species, for example, the Celebes clawed cuckoo C celebensis, constantly build open nests4

There are observations that some species of clawed cuckoo are able to carry their young in flight5

Area

The area is the western islands of Indonesia (Timor, the Moluccas, New Guinea), Papua New Guinea, Northern and Eastern Australia from the north of Western Australia and Cape York to New South Wales. The species prefers forests with dense undergrowth, thickets of tall grasses, and marshes.

Description

Many clawed cuckoos have a long claw on their hind thumbs. The genus name comes from the Greek word kentron, thorn and spur. The length of the claw can reach about 68-76% of the length of the tarsus in the African black clawed cuckoo C. grillii and the lesser clawed cuckoo C. bengalensis. Only the short-toed clawed cuckoo C. rectunguis is an exception, its thumbnail is only 23% of the length of the tarsus. Many clawed cuckoos are opportunistic predators, Centropus phasianus is known for attacking birds caught in spider webs, and African clawed cuckoo (Centropus superciliosus) is attracted by the smoke of grassfires, during which they feed on insects and small mammals fleeing the fire.

Spur cuckoos usually build nests in thickets of dense vegetation, and their nests usually have a roof, but some species build nests that are open on top. Pheasant clawed cuckoo Centropus phasianinus, common clawed cuckoo (C. sinensis) and Madagascar clawed cuckoo (C. toulou) can sometimes build open nests, and some species (for example, Celebes clawed cuckoo (C. celebensis)) build open nests all the time.

There are observations that some species of clawed cuckoo are able to carry their own young in flight.

List of species

  • Centropus andamanensis
  • Centropus anselli - Gabonese clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus ateralbus - White-headed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus bengalensis - lesser clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus burchelli
  • Centropus bernsteini - Bernstein's clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus chlororhynchos
  • Centropus celebensis - Celebes cuckoo6
  • Centropus chalybeus - Satin clawed cuckoo6
  • † Centropus colossus - extinct, known from deposits of the Quaternary period of the cave "Green Waterhole Cave" Anglrussk, Tentenula Anglrussk, South Australia
  • Centropus cupreicaudus - copper-tailed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus goliath
  • Centropus grillii
  • Centropus leucogaster - white-bellied clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus melanops - Black-faced clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus menbeki - great clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus milo - light-headed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus monachus - blue-headed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus nigrorufus - Sumatran clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus phasianinus - Pheasant clawed cuckoo6
    • Centropus phasianinus mui - Timorese pheasant clawed cuckoo, may be a separate species Centropus mui was known for a long time only from the female holotype collected in 1974, but apparently rediscovered in the early 2000s7
  • Centropus rectunguis - short-toed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus senegalensis - Senegalese clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus sinensis - common clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus spilopterus - Moluccan clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus steerii - Mindoroi clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus superciliosus - African clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus toulou - Madagascar clawed cuckoo6
    • † Centropus toulou assumptionis - Assumption Island clawed cuckoo, possibly a separate species, became extinct by the 1920s
  • Centropus unirufus - red clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus violaceus - purple clawed cuckoo9
  • Centropus viridis - Philippine clawed cuckoo9

Notes

  1. ^ Andersson, Malte 1995 "Evolution of reversed sex roles, sexual size dimorphism, and mating system in coucals Centropodidae, Aves" Abstract Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 54 2: 173-181 DOI: 101111 / j1095-83121995tb01030x
  2. ↑ Maurer, G 2008 "Who Cares Males Provide Most Parental Care in a Monogamous Nesting Cuckoo" Ethology 114 6: 540-547 DOI: 101111 / j1439-0310200801498x
  3. ↑ Hicks, RK and R Restall 1992 "Pheasant coucal Centropus phasianus attacking birds caught in a mist net" Muruk 5:143
  4. ↑ 1 2 Payne R B 2005 The Cuckoos Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-850213-3
  5. ↑ Bell H L 1984 Carrying of young in flight by Coucals Centropus spp // Australian Bird Watcher 10: 171
  6. ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Boehme RL, Flint VE Five-language dictionary of animal names Birds Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Edited by Academician V E Sokolova - M: Rus yaz, "RUSSO", 1994 - C 133 - 2030 copies - ISBN 5-200-00643-0
  7. ↑ Trainor et al 2008 Birds, birding and conservation in Timor-Leste // BirdingASIA 9: p 16–45
  8. ↑ Rasmussen P C, J C Anderton 2005 Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide Smithsonian Institution amp, Lynx Edicions
  9. ↑ 1 2 Boehme RL, Flint VE A five-language dictionary of animal names Birds Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Under the general editorship of Academician VE Sokolov - M: Rus yaz, "RUSSO", 1994 - С 134 - 2030 copies - ISBN 5-200-00643-0

birds clawed cuckoo, clawed cuckoo, clawed cuckoo, clawed cuckoo

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